Museum is a place which houses a collection of artifacts and other scientific, artistic, historical objects and makes them accessible for public viewing. There are museum which are famous worldwide for their large collection and appearance such as-
Kunsthistorisches Museum- Vienna, Austria
The Kunsthistorisches Museum is situated in Vienna and one of the premier museums of the world. The museum houses fine arts and decorative arts pieces of the world. The Kunsthistorisches Museum was opened in 1891 by Emperor Franz Joseph first of Austria, Hungry. The building has the rectangular shape and contains a dome at the top with height of 60 meters high.
The inside building is lavishly adorned with marble, stucco ornaments, gold leaf and paintings. The museum mainly houses the collection of Habsburgs, Ferdinand of Tirol and Emperor Rudolf II.
The State Tretyakov Gallery – Moscow, Russia
The State Tretyakov Gallery is an art gallery, located in Moscow, Russia. The museum was built in 1902-04 and expanded to many adjacent buildings during 20th century. The terrific collection of The State Tretyakov Gallery contains more than 1,30,000 exhibits, including collection of Theotokos of Vladimir, Andrei Rublev’s Trinity, Wassily Kandinsky and Kazmir Malevich.
During 1985, the State Tretyakov Gallery got merged with a contemporary art gallery. This part of the museum houses a collection of Socialist Realism sculpture, the “Forgel” sculpture and the ‘young Russia’ monument.
The Hermitage St. Petersburg- Moscow, Russia
There is no other museum in the world wide that matches the size and quality of the Hermitage St. Petersburg museum. It would take yeas to review the complete collection exhibited in the museum as they are approximately three millions in number. The museum is mainly famous for Italian Renaissance and French Impressionist paintings, excellent collection of Rembradt, Picasso and Matisse.
You can also visit Greek and Roman antiquities and Siberian and Central Asian Art. Apart from the collection, the interior and the architecture of the building is also worth viewing.
The Vatican Museum, Vatican City
The Vatican Museum is one of the best museums of the world and houses world’s greatest art collections. The museum houses Roman Catholic Church collection of centuries, some classical sculptures and many other Renaissance art masterpieces.
During early 16th century, Pope Julius II had founded The Vatican Museum. The building was designed by designer Luca Beltrami and houses many conspicuous paintings such as Giotto’s Stefaneschi Triptych, Raphael’ Madonna of Foligno and Transfiguration, Leonardo da Vinci, s St. Jerome in the Wilderness, Caravaggio’s Entombment and Perugino, s Madonna and Child with Saint.
The Uffizi Gallery- Florence, Italy
The Uffizi gallery is situated in Florence city of Italy. The museum is one of the oldest and popular museums of the world. The building was built by Cosimo I and designed by Vasari in 1560.
In Uffizi Gallery, you will visit precious art master pieces of Tuscan Painting, Florentibne Primitives and Trecentists, Sienese Trecentists ,Late Gothic period ,First Renaissance, Filippo Lippi , Piero della Francesca , Pollaiolo ,Botticelli ,Ghirlandaio ,Filippino Lippi ,Verrocchio e bottega ,Signorelli ,Perugino , German paintings, French Painting , Spanish Painting and many others.
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, the Netherlands
The Rijksmuseum, a Dutch National museum is located in Amsterdam. The museum houses the masterpieces of Art, crafts and history. The large portion of precious paintings belongs to Dutch Golden Age and also contains substantial Asian art collection.
The museum was opened in 1800 with the purpose of showcasing the collection of Dutch stadtholders. The painting collection of Rijksmuseum Amsterdam museum includes master pieces of renowned artists Jacob Van Ruysdael, Frans Hals, Johannes Vermeer, Jan Steen, Rembrandt and his pupils.
The Museo Del Prado- Madrid, Spain
The Museo Del Prado is an eminent art gallery based in Madrid, Spain. The museum houses some of the world’s excellent pieces of European art belong to 12th to 19th century. Built as a museum for paintings and sculpture, it has more than 8,000 paintings and approximate 2,000 art work and decorative pieces.
The genre of painting comprises of 4,800 Spanish Paintings belonging to the Romanesque period of 10th century. Other paintings are from renowned artists such as Bartolome Bermejo, Perdo Berruguete, Sanchez Coello, El Gerco, Ribera, Zurbaran, Murillo, Alonozo, Velazquez, Goya, Vicenre Lopez, Fortuny, Carlos de Haes, Federico de Madrazo.
The Palace Museum, Beijing, China
Situated in the heart of Beijing, the Palace Museum was opened on 10, 1925. the museum is the largest museum of China. This largest museum consists of 70 halls of different halls and more than 9,000 rooms. The architecture of the building is a little complicated and incredible.
In a concentrated form, the Palace Museum expresses the artistic traditions with the setting of China’s unique architectural style.
The National Museum of Natural History- Washington D.C., USA
The National Museum of Natural History is a natural history museum undertaken by the Smithsonian Institution. The museum is situated on the National mall in Washington D.C., USA. You can visit around 500 million specimens covering plants, animals, fossils, minerals, rocks, meteorites and human artifacts.
Earlier, the museum was known as United States National Museum and opened to the public in 1910. The building was designed by Hornblower & Marshall. The prominent places to visit in the museum are Hall of Geology, gems and Minerals, Hall of Human Origins, Dinosaurs, Hall of Paleobiology, Hall of Mammals, Insect Zoo, Ocean Hall, African Voices, Butterflies and plants, Western cultures Hall, Kore Gallery, hall of bones, etc.
Lourve- Paris, France
The Lourve Museum is one of the largest and most visited museums of the world. The Louvre museum is situated on the Right Bank of the Seine. It was opened in 1793 on the first anniversary of the monarchy’s demise.
The museum has unique collection of Egyptian antiquities, Near eastern antiquities, Greek, Etruscan and Roman antiquities, Islamic art, rare sculpture and other decorative arts, paintings, prints and drawings.